One of the common eye diseases that appear as the effect of diabetes mellitus is glaucoma. Glaucoma is a vision disorder caused by high fluid pressure in the eyeball. The pressure then causes damage to the nerves and blood vessels in the eye and can make blurred vision, even disappear altogether.
Glaucoma that is commonly experienced by diabetics is Neovascular Glaucoma. In this disease, there is a new blood vessel that appears in the iris so that it clogs the normal flow of fluid and increases the pressure in the eye.
People with glaucoma are often unaware of any visual impairment until an advanced vision is damaged. It is estimated that 50% of glaucoma patients do not realize they suffer from the disease until they suffer severe eye damage.
Patients with glaucoma usually experience some symptoms. These symptoms include pain in the eyes, headache, and begin to see the shadow of a circle around the light. Then, the eyes will also be flushed and often foggy. If not quickly handled, glaucoma vision will be narrowed and eventually can not see at all or blind.
Glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, medications for swallowing, laser action or surgery aimed at decreasing / stabilizing eyeball pressure and preventing further vision impairment. The earlier the glaucoma detection will be the greater the success rate of preventing vision damage.
This disease can not be cured. Treatment of glaucoma is only done to reduce pressure on the eyes and prevent the spread of damage to the eye. Therefore, if you already begin to feel some of the above symptoms, do not hesitate to immediately go to an ophthalmologist.
Prevention of glaucoma as a diabetic complication of the eye for diabetics, differentiated between patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. For type 1 diabetics should have extensive eye examinations at an ophthalmologist within three to five years after diagnosis. And for type 2 diabetics should perform extensive eye examination at the ophthalmologist immediately after diagnosis.