Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a type of diabetes whose main problem lies in the lack of insulin production, so this type of diabetes is also considered a condition of insulin dependence.
Blood sugar levels are usually controlled by the hormone insulin. If the body is less insulin, blood sugar levels will increase dramatically due to the buildup, this is called hyperglycemia. This is what happens when a person has type 1 diabetes mellitus.
The cause of the lack of insulin production by the pancreas in people with type 1 diabetes is not known until now so can not be concluded how to prevent it. This type of diabetes can arise at any age, generally affecting patients under 40 years of age, especially children.
To know someone has diabetes mellitus type 1, there are some common ways to diagnose this disease. Usually diagnosed with blood test ie blood glucose level test during fasting, blood glucose level test (without fasting) or at any time, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and A1c hemoglobin test (HbA1c).
Blood test is mandatory diagnostic method that will help patients to find answers to their blood sugar levels. Blood samples will be used to determine glucose levels. And therefore, patients are usually asked to fast first.
This fasting needs to be done for 8-12 hours duration and in the morning to do blood test. After the implementation of blood tests, patients will usually be given a glass of beverage with certain sugar levels. No need to fear or worry because the drink will not be high sugar levels because it is determined by the experts.
Blood samples will usually be taken back after 2 hours from the time the patient was given the drink. Blood taken is aimed at a glucose test in which its function is to evaluate the activity of insulin present in the patient’s body. Prepare physically and mentally well before taking the diagnostic method and after that the results can be awaited and consulted with a doctor.
There is a HbA1c test for diabetes diagnosis. The results of this examination will show the average sugar level in the patient’s blood over the last 2 to 3 months. HbA1c levels of 6.5% or more indicate that the patient has diabetes. This test can also be used as a preliminary examination for people at risk of developing diabetes.
Another diagnostic test that needs to be taken when a person wants to know if it has type 1 diabetes is an autoantibody test. This procedure is usually performed after a diabetic diagnosis has been made. The purpose of the implementation of this test is to distinguish type 2 diabetes as well as 1 before the patient suffers from hyperglycemia.