Diabetes is characterized by symptoms of increased blood sugar levels caused by insulin insufficiency and causing damage to other systems in the body, especially damage to blood vessels and nerves. The damage is what causes the emergence of one or more other diseases that affect the development of diabetes in a person, otherwise known as co-morbidities of diabetes.
Diabetics should maintain the stability of blood sugar levels so that diabetes complications do not occur. Complications of diabetes mellitus is very likely to attack the organs of the body like eyes.
Most diabetic patients will have an eye disorder or also known as diabetic retinopathy. High levels of glucose, cholesterol, and blood pressure are the main causes of these diabetes complications. This is why, regular eye examination and keeping blood sugar levels to stay normal is highly recommended for people with retinopathy because if left this condition can reduce the ability to see or even cause blindness.
Diabetic retinopathy is a complicated form of diabetes mellitus, where high sugar content eventually results in damage to the retinal vessels, especially in light-sensitive tissues. This condition can be suffered by anyone who suffers from type 1 or 2 diabetes, especially those whose blood sugar is uncontrolled and have diabetes for long periods of time.
At first, diabetic retinopathy may be asymptomatic. But as the condition progresses, symptoms can appear and usually affect both eyes. Some of the symptoms are:
-Visuals are slowly declining
-Difficulty seeing at night
-There appears to be objects or black spots that hover in the field of view, usually called floaters
-Inability to see colors correctly
-Loss of vision ability (in advanced stages)
These symptoms do not necessarily mean diabetic retinopathy. There is nothing wrong to immediately see a doctor. Perform routine eye examinations, although there is nothing wrong with eye conditions for the disease to be detected and treated early.