Gestational Diabetes is a condition of a pregnant woman who has a higher blood glucose than normal blood glucose level diagnosed during pregnancy. Only 2 to 10 percent of pregnant women have gestational diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes usually begins halfway through pregnancy. Pregnant women should undergo an oral glucose tolerance test between the 24th and 28th week to check their blood glucose levels. Women who are at risk of diabetes should have their blood glucose checked early.
Causes of gestational diabetes
1. The body of a pregnant mother actually digests all the food that enters the body which then can produce sugar. Glucose will enter the bloodstream then the pancreas that produces insulin can help absorb glucose in the blood into the body’s energy source. But pregnant women who do not experience this process can have an impact on gestational diabetes.
2. When the mother is pregnant there is a part of the placenta that connects the baby to always get the flow of blood and oxygen from the mother. This process can make the mother produce a very high hormone. High pregnancy hormones can cause insulin in the body is disturbed so that blood sugar levels will increase quickly. This can be seen when blood sugar levels after a normal meal.
3. Increasing pregnancy age can cause the placenta to produce high hormones. As a result, insulin in the body of pregnant women becomes very high. Mothers who have gestational diabetes can then experience impaired growth and development of the baby in the womb. This is most common in pregnancies aged 20 weeks.
Other factors that cause gestational diabetes:
1. Pregnant women over 25 years old. When pregnant women are over 25 years old then it can also develop the risk of gestational diabetes. This condition can occur due to the influence of metabolic system in the body during pregnancy.
2. Have a history of diabetes in the family or previous pregnancy. Pregnant women who have a history of diabetes in the family or have experienced the same conditions in previous pregnancy then the risk of having gestational diabetes can be very high.
3. Pregnant women are overweight. Obesity in pregnant women can also cause pregnant women to have gestational diabetes. This condition is very reasonable because the mother’s body did not produce enough insulin to process blood sugar into energy body.
4. Has offspring of white race. Pregnant women who also have white races such as Indian, Hispanic and Asian Americans are particularly vulnerable to gestational diabetes.
5. Pregnant women experience polycystic ovary syndrome. Pregnant women who previously experienced PCOS disease will also be affected by gestational diabetes. This condition can occur because the process of metabolism in the body does not occur perfectly.
6. Mother experiences glucose intolerance. Pregnant women who experience glucose intolerance may experience the same conditions as diabetes. This health condition can make the mother’s health decline throughout pregnancy and ultimately insulin levels in the body does not fit the needs of the body.
7. Pregnant women who use certain types of medications such as medications to treat asthma or autoimmune diseases (glucocorticoids), drugs to treat rapid heartbeat and high blood pressure (beta-blocker) disease, and medications to treat mental disorders such as antipsychotics.
8. Pregnant women have given birth to a large baby in the womb. Pregnant women with this condition can give birth to babies weighing more than 4 to 5 kg. This is a dangerous condition that must be monitored by a doctor.